SEO, PPC, Social Media and Internet Marketing Expert Blog

Google encourages businesses to ‘SEO’ their businesses and provides some very useful tools to assist with better optimizing their web presences for the Google search engine. Two main tools provided by Google are Google Analytics (GA) and Google Webmaster Tools (GWT)- both of which are free to use.

While Google Analytics provides a detailed overview of the traffic a website receives and the browsing behaviour of these visitors, Google Webmaster Tools provides more advanced details about various important elements of SEO- such as backlinks, crawling, user experience and how search engines see your site.

What Does Google Analytics Tell You?

Google analytics provides information about many elements which include:

  • The amount of traffic coming to the site
  • Where it is coming from
  • Which devices are being used to browse the site
  • How much time visitors spend on your site
  • How many pages they are browsing
  • Which pages are popular
  • What is the bounce rate
  • What is the conversion rate of an ecommerce site


What Do Google Webmaster Tools Tell You?

On the other hand, Google Webmaster Tools provide details about elements such as

  • Queries your visitors used to reach your site
  • What is your average position for a keyword
  • How many impressions your site is getting in search results
  • How many clicks your site is getting
  • What is the CTR
  • Total number of the back links
  • Top linking domains
  • What linking or anchor text they are using
  • Internal links
  • Mobile usability of the website
  • How many pages are indexed by Google
  • Top keywords your site is using
  • Any crawling errors
  • How often Google is crawling your site
  • Robots.txt testing
  • XML sitemap submission

What Happens If I don’t Use These Tools?

Without using these tools, your SEO efforts will be greatly affected and you will miss some vital information for your online marketing success. So, if you are optimizing your website or hiring an SEO consultant to do an in-depth analysis, going through this useful information from GA and GWT will help you understand the current SEO health of your website and to find many new opportunities and some low hanging fruits.


Need Help with GA or GWT?

If you need help with setting up or analysing data from GA or GWT, you are welcome to contact us!

Right Keyword selection is of fundamental importance for the success of any SEO (and PPC) campaign which results in high return on investment (ROI). If you select the right keywords, get top rankings and higher Click Through Rate (CTR) with well optimized landing pages along with an after sale conversion optimization strategy, your site can go a long way in increasing sales and generating revenue for your business. If you do it wrong, it may well break your online business by generating low quality traffic to your site and lower conversion rates.

While selecting keywords, many businesses just go by the search volume, which can be misleading in some cases. There can be many other important factors to take into consideration, such as:

  • Is the search volume permanent or temporary?
  • Is it seasonal?
  • Which region are these searches coming from?
  • Do those searches contain the words which covert better?
  • Are those search about the product or just information searches?
  • How relevant are those searches to your product?

In short, it is important to bring the right visitors to your site, rather than just any visitor!

Tools like Wordtracker and Google Keyword planner along with competitor research and brainstorming are frequently used for keyword selection by leading SEO consultants.

The Essential Formula for Keyword Selection

While selecting keywords, this general formula must be kept in mind to get the most out of your keyword selection efforts.

  • 1-word keywords – Do not target 1-word keywords – they are obsolete
  • 2-3-word keywords generate higher traffic
  • 4-7-word keywords generate higher CTR and revenue
  • < 7-word keywords have lower traffic and conversion rate

Target the main keywords from your Home page as it is of top priority for search engines and users. Long tail keywords (4-7 words long), can be targeted from inner pages or blogposts.
First page rankings are great to have; but ranking above the fold can considerably increase your CTR. Generally, CTR or Click-Through Rate by Google organic rankings is as follows:

  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 1- 33%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 2- 16%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 3- 13%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 4- 08%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 5- 06%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 6- 05%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 7- 04%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 8- 03%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 9- 02%
  • Organic Keyword Ranking # 10- 1%
  • Organic Keyword Rankings  >10:  10%

Other than the rankings, factors like proper title tags, meta description, URL structure and brand recognition influence the CTR in organic rankings. Higher CTR may easily have a positive impact on overall SEO as well.

It Does Not End There

After getting top rankings and Click-Through to your site, it is crucial to have a website landing page which converts those visitors into sales.  Targeting relevant keywords from respective pages, page content, web design, user experience, navigation etc. all play their role in higher conversion. Even after converting those visitors into sales, the process of keyword research and optimization should continue after sales in order to modify and improve your website.

404 is an error message code that is generated when a page on a website is not found. It can be caused due to many reasons like the page was deleted/renamed by the webmaster or a visitor mistyped the URL or some other technical issue. Sometimes, webmasters just ignore this message- which is not the right way to go. High numbers of 404 errors are bad for SEO which translate into bad user experience and ultimately lower rankings.

Why is 404 Bad for SEO?

Search engines and users both do not like it if a blank page appears when their desired page is not found. So it becomes increasing critical to address this issue and present search engines and users with a page which they wanted to see in such situations to improve SEO and user experience.

Just as in real life, mistakes can be made by web designers too. Pages can be moved or deleted by mistake. When a page is deleted, the ink that pointed to that page still remains in the sitemap and in search engine results. When a user clicks on it, their browser takes them to a “404 Error” page because the desired page does not exist anymore.

When a ‘not found’ page is not handled correctly, two issues can arise for your website and business. First, the search engine algorithm gets confused about where to pass the link juice of that page, therefore resulting in lower rankings. Secondly, visitors feel clueless about where to go in such situations resulting in a bad user experience.   Therefore, traffic, links and hence, potential conversions can be lost if the error is not handled correctly.

A small percentage of ‘not found’ pages is quite acceptable. But if a large proportion of such pages are present on a website, it can have negative impacts on a website’s accessibility and SEO.

How to Deal With 404 Errors

If a page was receiving lots of quality links, it is advisable to redirect such a page to the most relevant alternative page or, in extreme cases, to the home page.

However, in some cases a separate page can be created for such purposes. This page will only be visible when such an error occurs.  That page must have well optimized content with a message along with a search box, sitemap and some contact information.

If you want to see if a page is generating 404 error message or not, you can type in the URL into the Google Webmaster Tools feature ‘fetch as google’.

There are many tools available to find ‘404 error’ pages such as Screaming Frog.

There is another similar error which is called 410 (Page permanently gone), but from an SEO point of view, the treatment for a 410 error page is similar to that of a 404 error.

Image optimization is one of the common overlooked SEO methods by most of the sites. Almost 5% of searches on Google are regarding images. Images are shown in the search engine results page for many keywords when a search is done. So ignoring proper image optimization can cost business loss of traffic as well as it results in bad user experience. In online world, a picture is worth more than 1000 words, if it SEO optimized expertly.

As search engines can’t read images, so you have to help them with understanding the images better using different elements.

Image file name for SEO:

Image file name should describe the image and be keywords-focused. Image file names just containing the typical random digits are not recommended for SEO at all. A hyphen (‘-‘) is a recommended separator among different words in file name.

If you are a local business, do include the area name if it makes sense to the users.

Image alt tags for SEO:

Image alt tag is an alternative to an image if it cannot be loaded properly. Adding an appropriate image alt tag, assists search engines to understand your image better which improves SEO and bring in relevant traffic through image search as well.

Image alt tag should be descriptive (2-5 words long) and describe the image as well as reinforce the topic of the page.  Too long or keyword stuffed image alt tags can be considered a spammy technique by search engines.

‘Alt’ tags are also used to improve website accessibility which indirectly helps with SEO.

Image size for SEO:

Image size should not be too big as it may slow down the page loading speed. Page speed is one of SEO ranking raking factors and their importance is even more in the age of smartphone and mobile internet. On the other hand image quality is important for user experience. So it is always recommended to go for a mix of image quality and size to find the balance between two.

Image caption/ title for SEO:

Image caption or title is a debatable issue in SEO world as its direct impacts are not confirmed as yet. Regardless of if it has direct impact on image ranking or not, it is useful tag to have which, if not directly, may help SEO indirectly while helping users directly for improved browsing.

Unique Images for SEO

Image should be unique as search engines do not like duplication of content.

Related Page copy for Image Optimization:

All image optimization go in vein if it is not in line with the page copy or page copy contains duplicate material. An image well inline with an optimized page is very much more likely to rank than just an image with no page copy.

So for optimizing an image properly, file name of the unique image should be adjusted to meet the SEO needs- proper image alt tag should be there while image size should not be too big and image caption and unique page copy can further strengthen the things.

Image optimization must not be overlooked and must be given attention like any other SEO element to get most out of your SEO efforts.

Selecting the right keywords is of paramount importance in SEO and can make or break your SEO efforts- regardless of how good you work with the other SEO elements. But it is not enough to just select the right keyword. After selecting the right keywords, it is important to use them at the right places. This is where the concepts like keywords density, prominence,  proximity and frequency come in.

What are Keyword density, prominence, proximity and frequency? How important it is to have each of these on a webpage you intend to optimize for SEO purposes? These are the questions clients or the people who want to do SEO using various SEO tools on their own often ask.  Here is a brief overview of these:

Keyword density is about how often a keyword appears on your page- what is its ratio with respect to the total text on the page?  There is no set desired such percentage or ratio exist – but for most of the sites, it should be below 5% – and should not exceed 10% at all. If you have 0% density, your page would struggle to rank for your desired keyword(s). Keywords and some variation of it should be there where they appear natural and make sense to the visitors. Keyword density is less important than the two other elements – keyword prominence and proximity.

Keyword prominence is about having keywords at the places which are important for search engines and users – these include titles, headings, sub-headings and linking text etc. Start of the page has highest prominence as compared to other places on the page.

Keyword proximity is about how close two words appear in the content. The nearer are the two words, the higher optimized is your page for those words.  Keyword proximity is of lesser importance if the competition is low, but in competitive market it comes into equation.

Another related concept is keyword frequency.  Keyword frequency is numbers of time a keyword appear on a page. Many SEO starters may over-use the keyword which is known as Keyword Stuffing. Keyword stuffing should be avoided in an attempt to increase frequency as it makes site looks spammy and kills user experience.

So selecting right keywords, having those on the places on your page where they really matter, and, most importantly, creating compelling content for visitors can take your website and business long way forward  in online world. There is a fine line between incorporating keywords properly and overdoing or stuffing. Huge care or expertise is required in that regard as keyword stuffing is number one cause of websites getting penalized by Google.

These keyword strategies combined with the proper site structure, navigation, information architecture and user experience are deciding factors in terms of on-page SEO. We will cover the other on-page aspects in another blogpost to help you understand how to fully perform on-page SEO, so keep visiting our blog.


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